Thyroid Disease Specialist

Princeton Endocrinology Associates -  - Endocrinology, Diabetes and Thyroid Specialist

Princeton Endocrinology Associates

Endocrinology, Diabetes and Thyroid Specialists located in Princeton, NJ

Thyroid disease refers to a number of conditions that impact the health and function of your thyroid gland. At Princeton Endocrinology Associates in Princeton, New Jersey, the team has extensive experience treating all types of thyroid disease. The practice offers in-office diagnostics and a number of safe and effective treatments. To speak with a doctor about your thyroid health, call the office or book an appointment online today.

Thyroid Disease Q & A

What are the types of thyroid disease?

The thyroid is a small gland at the base of your neck that produces thyroid hormones. Thyroid hormones control a number of functions throughout your body, like how fast your heart beats and how quickly you burn calories. 

There are different types of thyroid disease including:

Hypothyroidism

Often referred to as an underactive thyroid, hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid doesn’t produce enough thyroid hormones. Hypothyroidism slows down your bodily functions and can cause you to feel sluggish, weak, and fatigued. 

The most common cause of hypothyroidism is Hashimoto's disease, an autoimmune disease that causes your immune system to attack and damage your thyroid gland. 

Hyperthyroidism

A hyperactive thyroid gland produces an excess of thyroid hormone. Too much thyroid hormone speeds up your bodily functions, including your heart rate and metabolism. Hyperthyroidism can increase your risk of developing serious conditions like stroke or congestive heart failure. 

The most common cause of hyperthyroidism is Graves' disease, an autoimmune disorder that causes your thyroid to produce too much thyroid hormone. 

Additional types of thyroid problems include thyroid nodules, thyroid cancer, and goiter, which is an enlargement of the thyroid gland. 

If you notice symptoms of thyroid disease, it’s important to seek medical attention as soon as possible. Untreated thyroid disease can lead to serious problems like heart disease, infertility, and osteoporosis. 

What are the symptoms of thyroid disease?

Thyroid disease can cause your body to produce too little or too much thyroid hormone. 

If you have hypothyroidism, your symptoms may include:

  • Unintended weight gain 
  • Fatigue
  • Muscle weakness
  • Constipation
  • Slow heart rate

If you have hyperthyroidism, your symptoms may include:

  • Unintended weight loss
  • Increased appetite
  • Increased anxiety
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat
  • Bulging or irritated eyes
  • Insomnia
  • Diarrhea

No matter which kind of thyroid disease you have, the hormone specialists at Princeton Endocrinology Associates can develop the right treatment plan for your condition. 

What treatments are available for thyroid disease?

Before you begin treatment, your doctor performs a thorough evaluation including a physical exam, blood tests, and in-office ultrasound. After your diagnosis, you and your doctor work together to develop your personalized treatment plan. 

Your treatment depends on which type of thyroid disease you have. If you have hypothyroidism, your specialist prescribes thyroid hormone medication.

If you have hyperthyroidism, your treatment plan may include:

  • Anti-thyroid medications
  • Beta-blockers
  • Radioactive iodine
  • Surgery to remove your thyroid gland

To find out which treatment is right for your thyroid disease, call to make an appointment by phone or book online today.